In this unrealized work addressing the pressures of society on individualism, a wolf is placed in a floor-to-ceiling cage located in the center of room painted black. The two-foot walkway encasing the cage allows viewers to surround the structure and observe the wolf. This work explores society’s pressures to conform to the interests of peer groups and popular social fashions while holding as suspicious individuals who do not fit neatly into stereotypical norms of popular thought.
Such intolerance of views is as pervasive today as it was in 1979, when the piece was first conceived. Thus the “lone wolf” in a cage represents human individualism and societal subjugation, isolating the individual through the process of encirclement as if to intimidate and press for conformity. Rather than protect the rights of the individual thinker we are instead found the term “lone wolf” in the 1970s applied as a derogatory term to label such people as misfits, malcontents, or nonconformist.